Learn how to brew tea with Groundwork Coffee Co.'s

As with brewing coffee, there are a few basic guidelines to follow whenever you are brewing tea:

1. Use clean fresh water.
Tea is 98% water. As you’d expect, clean water is essential to proper extraction and will eliminate any flavors brought about by impurities. Water should always be freshly drawn and never re-boiled.

Never use hot water directly from the tap or water that’s been boiled for a long time.

2. Pre-heat the teapot.
When brewing, it’s important to maintain temperature stability to achieve consistent results from your recipe.

When poured into a cold porcelain or glass vessel, boiling water will immediately cool.

3. Measure the tea and water every time.
One way to ensure that the results of brewing are consistent each time is to measure the tea and water.

Two grams (approx. 1 teaspoon) of dry loose-leaf tea should be used for 6 oz. of water, or roughly a 80:1 water-to-tea ratio.

This ratio will provide the proper brew strength.

4. Avoid over-extraction.
Unlike coffee, there are no hard-and-fast rules for the amount of contact time for tea extractions.

There are, however, some loose guidelines to follow for steeping times.

Most teas can be steeped for 3-5 minutes to get the most flavor out of the extraction. Some teas can be infused more than once. Oolong teas, Green teas, and White teas can handle three extractions. Black teas, however, should be steeped only once.

White and Japanese Green teas typically require the least time for a good steep, 2-3 minutes. Chinese Green and Darjeeling teas come in around 3 minutes, while Oolong, Pu-erh, and other Black teas need 4-5 minutes to fully develop. Finally, Herbal infusions and tisanes can be steeped for 5-7 minutes depending on your taste.

5. Use the correct temperature of water
Water temperature is one of the biggest variables when brewing tea and is as important as any of the aforementioned steps.

As with steeping times, there are no strict rules for water temperature, but feel free to follow the guidelines below.

Green and White teas do their best when steeped with 175-185°F water, while Oolong, Pu-erh, and Darjeeling teas do better in the 185-200°F range. Tisanes, Herbal infusions, and Black teas, however, require boiling water (212°F) to reach their full potential.

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